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FDA continues to review possible link between pet diets and canine heart disease

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This story by Phyllis Entis first appeared in Food Safety News and is reposted here with permission

A diet rich in legumes or potatoes might be linked to an increased risk of canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), according to the Food and Drug Administration.

Prior to issuing a public notice on July 12, the FDA had received sporadic reports involving 30 dogs and 7 cats over a three-year period. During that same period, the veterinary cardiology community received about 150 similar reports. In dogs, the disease results in an enlarged heart.

Some of the dogs exhibited signs of heart disease, including decreased energy, cough, difficulty breathing, and episodes of collapse. Reports received by FDA identified a range of brands and formulas. 

The common element in these foods appears to be the presence of legumes (including peas, beans, lentils, chickpeas, soybeans, peanuts), pulses (seeds of legumes), and/or potatoes as main ingredients in the pet foods. The list also encompasses protein, starch or fiber derived from legumes.

Since the July 12 notification, FDA has received additional reports, which it is in the process of evaluating. None of these reports involve cats. According to a spokesperson from FDA, the agency is not able to provide an accurate accounting at this time, as the number of reports is continuing to rise and the information is being analyzed as it is received.

Some dog breeds are genetically susceptible to developing DCM. However, at least some of the initial reports to FDA involved other breeds of dog not typically prone to this disease. FDA is evaluating various possible dietary causes of DCM in dogs, including, nutritional makeup of the main ingredients or how dogs process them, main ingredient sourcing, processing, and amount used.

At this point in its investigation, FDA is not advising dog owners to make any dietary changes. Pet owners whose dogs are showing any symptoms of DCM or other heart conditions should contact their veterinarian.

FDA is encouraging pet owners and veterinary professionals to report cases of DCM in dogs suspected of having a link to diet by using the electronic Safety Reporting Portal or calling their state’s FDA Consumer Complaint Coordinators.

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Recalls and Alerts: August 9 – 12, 2018

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Here is today’s list of food safety recalls, product withdrawals, allergy alerts and miscellaneous compliance issues. The live links will take you directly to the official recall notices and company news releases that contain detailed information for each recall and alert.

If you would like to receive automatic email alerts for all new articles posted on eFoodAlert, please submit your request using the sidebar link.

United States

OUTBREAK ALERT UPDATE: As of August 9, 2018, a total of 436 laboratory-confirmed cases of Cyclospora infection were reported in people who consumed salads from McDonald’s restaurants; the cases were reported by 15 states. The investigation is ongoing and the FDA is currently reviewing distribution and supplier information for romaine and carrots.

Allergy Alert: Country Favor Inc. recalls Best Taste Brand Snack Ginger Sliced food treats (7-oz pkg; Product of Vietnam) due to undeclared sulfites.

Food Safety Recall: Stoltzfus Family Dairy LLC recalls Pasteurized Creamline chocolate milk (plastic 12-ounce, quart, half gallon and gallon containers; container codes 8-16-18 and 8-24-18) due to improper pasteurization.

Canada

Allergy Alert: Les Viandes du Breton recalls Noble Grill Premium Pork Tenderloin Supreme Pepper (approx. 400g; Best Before 18AU28) due to undeclared mustard.

Allergy Alert: Foster’s Bakery (1981) Ltd. recalls Oguraya Bakery Cream Buns and Oguraya Bakery Red Bean Buns (4-count; All packages) due to undeclared milk.

Food Safety Recall: Pinty’s Delicious Foods Inc. recalls Pinty’s brand Oven Roasted Chicken Breast Strips (1 kg; Best before 2018 AU 09 and 2018 AU 15; UPC 0 69094 62401 1) due to Listeria monocytogenes contamination.

Food Safety Recall: L’Étang Ruisseau Bar Limitée recalls Mallet / L’Étang Ruisseau Bar Ltée. Cocktail American Oysters (100 count; Date Harvested 2018-JL-23; Date Processed 2018-JL-24; Lot No: 18205-3F) due to Salmonella contamination. 

Europe

Allergy Alert (UK): E H Booths recalls BLT, Chicken Salad, and Lancashire Cheese and Chutney Sandwiches (Single pack; All date codes) due to undeclared rye and oats.

Allergy Alert (Italy): Sarria Antonia Baingia recalls Dolci Misti Papassini confezioni (0.4kg and 0.5kg; All dates) due to undeclared egg.

Allergy Alert (Netherlands): Jumbo recalls Jumbo chocolate crispies (210g; Batch code PR1805352, Best by 19-07-2019 and Batch code PR1805569, Best by 26-07-2019) due to undeclared peanuts.

Food Safety Recall (Germany): Eifrisch Marketing GmbH recalls Organic Shell Eggs (Best by 23.08.2018 through 26.08.2018) due to Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (Ireland): Real Meats and Duhallow recall Real Meats and Duhallow Organic Smoked Pork Products (All batch codes, all best before dates) due to processing in an unapproved facility.

Food Safety Recall (Italy): Margiotta Mario recalls Margiotta Mario brand Shell Eggs (Best before 21-22-0718; Lot #077AQ082) due to Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (Netherlands): Albert Heijn recalls AH Head Lettuce (sold from 2 to 9 August) due to Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (Netherlands): Dr. Oetker recalls Mug Cake Chocolate (Best before 05.2019) due to Salmonella contamination.

Australia and New Zealand

Allergy Alert (Australia): ALDI recalls White Mill brand Pancake Shake Original & Pancake Shake Buttermilk (375 g; Best Before 23/07/19, 24/07/19, 25/07/19, 01/08/19, 02/08/19, 03/08/19) due to undeclared egg.

Food Safety Recall (New Zealand): Havoc Farm Pork recalls Havoc Farm Pork brand ham products (Ham sliced 250g and 1kg, Ham pressed whole unsliced all batch codes and dates) due to a lack of process control.

Recalls and Alerts: August 6 – 8, 2018

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Here is today’s list of food safety recalls, product withdrawals, allergy alerts and miscellaneous compliance issues. The live links will take you directly to the official recall notices and company news releases that contain detailed information for each recall and alert.

If you would like to receive automatic email alerts for all new articles posted on eFoodAlert, please submit your request using the sidebar link.

United States

Allergy Alert: Mojave Foods Corporation recalls El Guapo Jamaica Hibiscus Flower (1-, 2-, 8-, & 16-oz packages; various Best before dates) due to undeclared peanut. Please refer to the recall notice for a complete list of affected products, which were shipped to Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Oregon, New Mexico, Nevada, Tennessee, Texas, and Utah.

Allergy Alert: JR Simplot Company Food Group recalls Simplot Good Grains Exotic Grains and Fire-Roasted Vegetable blend (Lot Codes 389 MAY 04 18 & 389 JUL 10 18) due to undeclared wheat.

Misbranding: StoneRidge Wholesale Division LLC recalls approximately 656 pounds of fully cooked, not shelf stable ready to eat pork and beef bologna products due to undeclared sodium nitrite and sodium erythorbate. Please refer to the recall notice for complete details on the affected products.

Pet Food Safety Recall: G & C Raw, LLC recalls Pat’s Cat Turkey Cat Food (1-lb pkgs; Lot #WWPKTF051618) and Ground Lamb Dog Food (2-lb packages; Lot #MFF022718) due to Listeria monocytogenes contamination. The recalled products were distributed by direct deliver to customers in OH, MI, IN, PAN, KY, NC, AND GA.

OTC Pharmaceutical Safety Recall: Product Quest Manufacturing LLC recalls CVS Health 12 Hour Sinus Relief Nasal Mist (0.5 fluid ounce bottle; Lot #173089J; EXP 09/19; UPC 50428432365) due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa contamination.

Canada

Food Safety Recall: Dole Fresh Vegetables Inc. recalls Dole brand Baby Spinach with Tender Reds (142g; Best Before 18-AU-04, All time codes starting with W202011; UPC 0 71430 06069 8) due to Listeria monocytogenes contamination.

Europe

Allergy Alert (Sweden): Axfood recalls Garant Salta chips (200g; Best before 18.01.2019; time stamp between 06:06 and 08:08) due to undeclared milk protein.

Allergy Alert (UK): Star Distribution (UK) Ltd recalls Cake Zone Muffins 4 pack Chunky Cherry and Double Chocolate Flavour (18x18x7cm pkg; Batch code 54–68060618; Best before 31 August 2018) due to undeclared egg, milk and wheat (gluten).

Food Safety Recall (Belgium): PLUIMVEESLACHTERIJ LAMMENS recalls Carrefour brand MB AILES DE POULET CURCUMA (550g; Best before 09/08/2018; LOT #6795) due to possible Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (Denmark): NatureSource recalls Clearspring Organic buckwheat flour (375g; Best before 25/10/2019) due to elevated ochratoxin levels.

Food Safety Recall (Germany): Penny Markt GmbH, Lidl, Kaufland, Aldi Süd, Real SB Warenhaus GmbH  recall Organic Shell Eggs (10-pack and 6-pack; Lot #0-DE-0359721; Best before until 24.08.2018) due to Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (Sweden): Orkla Foods recalls Paulúns Superbars (all best-before dates until 24.04.2019) due to foreign matter (glass) contamination.

Australia and New Zealand

Allergy Alert (Australia): Rafferty’s Garden recalls Rafferty’s Garden Baby Rice Cereal (80g; Best Before 17 May 2019) due to undeclared gluten (oats).

Allergy Alert (New Zealand): Rosa Foods Ltd recalls The Wrappery brand Thai wrap (275g; Use by 19 August 2018 ) due to undeclared peanuts, sesame and fish.

Food Safety Recall (Australia): Home Ice Cream Pty Ltd recalls Gary Gumball 6 Pack Box and Impulse Individual Serve (various Best before dates) due to foreign matter (glass) contaminaion. Please refer to the recall notice for a complete list of affected products.